These days, more and more people are tempted to buy hybrid cars and some even go as far as buying electric vehicles that don’t run on gasoline at all. There are many who don’t believe electric cars are as good as the ones fueled with the classic petrol, but are they really right? Here are some myths about electric cars that will help you to better understand the workings of these types of “green” cars.
You’ll be stranded when you run out of electricity
Let’s say that on average, people drive 40 miles per day. Most new Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV) have a range of at least double that and can be charged at any ordinary electrical outlet or publicly accessible station with a faster charger. All it takes for drivers, who can go up to 120 miles on a single charge, is to find a place to “charge”. A Plug-in Electric Hybrid Vehicle (PHEV) runs at least 300 miles on a mix of electricity and gasoline.
Do they replace the tailpipe with only a lot of smoke?
Even now, having 52% of the United States electricity generated by coal-fired power plants, electric cars help reduce emissions of greenhouses and other pollutants. Plug-in cars run on renewable electricity from sources such as the sun or wind.
Does a charging infrastructure need to be built first?
Not really! Most charging can be done at home, so a charging infrastructure isn’t mandatory as of yet, although it would certainly help. At present, there are at least seven companies competing for the domination of the public-charging-station market.
Will the grid will give out if millions of plug-ins charge at once?
A study made by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory says that off-peak electricity production and transmission capacity can fuel the daily commutes of 73% of all cars, light trucks, SUVs and vans on the road today if they were PHEVs. Utilities are upgrading local distribution systems in order to accommodate plug-ins.
Battery chemicals are bad for the environment
According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 99% of batteries in conventional cars are recycled. Can this also be done with the ones for electric cars? Of course! The metals in these newer batteries are more valuable and recycling programs have already been developed to deal with them. Utilities have in plan to use them for energy storage once they are no longer viable in a car.
Batteries will cost $15,000 to replace after only a few years
The battery is indeed the priciest part of an electrical car, but costs will drop as production will increase and the auto industry is expected to buy up to $25 billion in advanced batteries annually by 2015, so the wait isn’t a long one anymore. Some companies are even thinking of leasing the batteries and as such, replacing them shouldn’t pose a problem. The Chevy Volt PHEV will have a 10-years battery warranty that would cover battery replacement.
There isn’t enough lithium in the world to make all the new batteries
Existing lithium stores will be sufficient for projected EV production for the next 75 years, even with no new mining methods or sites.