All Terrain Vehicle (ATV) is well-known as a quad bike, quad, three-wheeler or four-wheeler. It is a vehicle that has handlebars for controlling steering, travels on low pressure tires and a seat straddled by the operator. The purpose of constructing this automobile is to handle a wide assortment of terrain. In some countries, ATV is a street-legal vehicle. It is accepted as one of the most useful vehicles. These special terrain vehicles are anticipated for use by a single person. However, some automobile companies have also referred these distinctive vehicles as tandem ATV. The idea of planning and designing these vehicles is to give ease to the drivers to reach different places that are not easily reachable through other means of transportation. These vehicles can be operated like a motorcycle as rider has to sit and run it smoothly. The difference lies in the extra wheel that gives stability at lower speeds. There are several different models that are equipped with three or four wheels. Some special models consist of six-wheels and are used for specialized applications.
There are two types of ATVs that are used for multiple purposes. These include:
Sit-astride ATVs: This is a motorized automobile that is designed and constructed to journey on four low-pressure tyres with a seat designed in a way that the operator controls it. There is no passenger seat in this type of vehicle and hence, referred to as quad bikes.
Side-by-side ATVs: These are the type of small utility vehicles in which the driver and passenger sit along with each other in conventional seats. Most side-by-side automobiles are able to carry two occupants. However, some automobiles are also outfitted with a second row of seating while others have bench-style seats facilitating up to three people in a single row. Most of the side-by-side automobiles have four wheels. Moreover, there are six-wheels, partially and fully tracked versions also exist. In these vehicles, there is a cargo bed at the back of seating area. Side-by-side ATVs are also famous as rough terrain utility vehicles (RTVs) or utility vehicles (UTVs).
Both ATV types are designed to deal with an extensive range of terrain like steep slopes, rocky surface, mountain areas and many more. Many people use them out of the safe parameters that are specially made for these vehicles. Such a situation results in fatal collisions. Following are the reasons that sometimes make ATV a dangerous ride. These include:
1. Lack of proper training and/or experiences
2. Incorrect/lack of suitable head protection
3. Disproportionate speed
4. Age of the operator
5. Carrying a passenger on a sit-astride ATV
6. Unbalanced loads
8. Tipping on a ditch, bank, bump or rut
9. Loss of control on a steep slope
10. Other factors like uneven ground or road conditions
11. Towing extreme luggage lacking proper brake equipments
12. Poor maintenance like incorrect tyre pressure and faulty brakes
These vehicles are used for forestry, agriculture, off-road working and land based industries. The application of ATVs will keep on increasing as soon as these automobiles become safe to use.